A Tritone Substitution is when you substitute a dominant 7th chord (like G7 or D7) for another dominant 7th chord that is a tritone away from it. In this example it goes like this: D-Db-C. I do hip hop as well as other styles like r&b, neo soul, and jazz. For example, the tritone substitution is more likely to be seen in jazz, but are the kinds of chords you might find in jazz-related rock music, such as early Chicago or Steely Dan. nice one! A series of descending dominant sevenths is a variation of a cycle of fifths using tritone substitution (Bb7 = E7, Ab7 = D7, Gb7 = C7): Chopin uses tritone substitution in … Many thanks! On the Am7 chord the line is a melodic sequence of a Cmaj7 arpeggio which sort of changes into an Em pentatonic scale run. In example 2 I’ve listed first the key of G major and then the Eb Mel minor and Db Major scale. Seems I’ve been a bit smarter then I thought. In this example that shows that the tritone substitution of D7 is Ab7, and if you play through example 1 you can hear how it will work in the II V I cadence. Then, using an inversion and another tritone substitution, the progression is further transformed into a chromatic descending bass line progression. What Is Tritone Substitution? These chords are interchangeable because the tritone interval pitches are identical in each. My enthusiasm for song writing has just come back with a vengeance! Here are a few examples: C to F# is a tritone. Keep it coming. The tritone substitution is one of the most common chord and improvisation devices in jazz. The G7 chord uses the notes G-B-D-F. The 3rd example again using the Eb minor melodic on the Ab7 chord. Start writing the BEST songs of your life! Get "Use Your Words! This song is in the key of F major and the dominant seventh chord of F major is C7. Simply put, a tritone substitution is taking a dominant chord and substituting it with another dominant chord that’s 6 half steps higher. Another option would be to just observe that Ab7 is the dominant in Db Major and therefore we can use that scale over it. Introduction. could you please explain also how to use the subtitute bVII for minor scales in a later article? Tritone substitutions are a common harmonic device used in the jazz idiom. The Essential Secrets of Songwriting 10-eBook Bundle, THE ESSENTIAL SECRETS OF SONGWRITING 10-eBOOK BUNDLE, Download “The Essential Secrets of Songwriting” 6-eBook Bundle, and increase your song’s HIT potential. An example where this substitution works particularly well is with the II-V-I cadence. Having said that, an alternate way of using the tritone substitution is to place the dominant note in the bass. While the above methods of substitution are common in pop and classical styles as well, the tritone substitution is unique to jazz. In this lesson I’ll try to briefly explain how it works and also what scales and arpeggios to use before I put that to use in some examples. Beautiful Jazz Chords That Make You Less Boring, Comping A Jazz Standard – This Is How To Get Started, Melodic Minor – How To Make Minor Blues Sound Amazing, Jazz Blues – 3 Easy Techniques That Make You Sound Better, Triplets Can Make Your Jazz Solo Sound Amazing. The tritone substitution is a dominant, or secondary dominant 7th chord whose root is a tritone (3 whole steps) away from the original chord. On the Ab7 I first play a Ebm7 arpeggio and then run down the scale before resolving to the 3rd (B) of Gmaj7. In example 3 I basically move up in diatonic 3rds and list the arpeggio for each note, which is the first way you should look for arpeggios over a chord in any scale, then you need to evaluate each note and try to deal with avoid notes as landing notes when you use the arpeggios. The example below puts the tritone substitution of D7 (Ab7) on beat 4, creating motion in the harmony while still maintaining the same function as D7, which is to pull the harmony to the resolution on Db major. In Part 1 of our article on tritone substitutions we discussed the tritone interval, the tritone substitution, and the theory behind why tritone substitution works. I’ve written medical texts before and the secret is to not talk down to people, make it understandable and you’ve done an outstanding job on that. The easy way to look at this is to notice that with shell voicings for dominants (see 3rd bar of example 1) you can change the root but keep the rest of the chord, so the 3rd and 7th of a dominant chord are shared between two roots a tritone substitution. As far as the 3 genres you mention (jazz, blues, and R&B), you could find the tritone substitution in any and all of them. First, Coleman Hawkins on "Honeysuckle Rose" (1:39): Bean's substitution of G-flat is jarring because it occurs right at the beginning of his solo and is completely unprepared by any melodic reference to the underlying G-7/C7 harmony of the tune. Doing this creates some delicious dissonances: C  Dm7  Db7/G  C. You get the bass note G clashing with an F as well as the Ab of the Db7 chord. For example, the tritone substitution is more likely to be seen in jazz, but are the kinds of chords you might find in jazz-related rock music, such as early Chicago or Steely Dan. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. There is one other chord that is similar to the chord we’ve been discussing, called a Neapolitan chord. What is a Tritone Substitution? 10 eBooks that cover every aspect of songwriting! Its sound gives the idea of movement, instability, and when it is not accompanied by a rest chord, the listener is distressed, tense, after … Notify me of follow-up comments by email. In practice, a tritone sub in jazz is most commonly a dominant 7 chord. 3 Comments. The next thing we need to look at is which scales we can use when improvising over it. A tritone substitution occurs whenever a chord is being substituted or replaced by another chord with a root a tritone interval away. So, if we had a D7 chord in a progression, a Tritone Substitution would switch in a G#7 chord in its place, and a Bb7 could be switched to an E7. The Db7 uses the notes Db-F-Ab-Cb. The bII7 chord (Db7) can be in place of the G7, thus giving Dm7 | Db7 | Cmaj7. I thought I should commend you for the good work. Hi Gary, I just love all of your e-books. Let’s have a look at what note is exactly a tritone away (either higher or lower, doe… What Is Tritone Substitution? When chords sound like they’re clashing, it’s due to the presence of dissonance in the actual chord. Being the Song Butcher , I thought I was just making a mistake. The greats know how the substitution looks on the fretboard, and apply it straight there. Chords are generally playable in any genre or style, though some chords show up in one genre more than another. Jazz blues rnb, help! Ebmaj7 and Eb Lydian). Ayy, it sounds like the chords are clashing, how are uu playing it, what style? Developing a Lyrics-First Songwriting Process". As a beginner, I have visited a number of sites offering music lessons and I find your site more trainee friendly. This is an intense sound, because with this kind of substitution, the root of the chord is chromatic. At 0:11 th… We’re about to apply that right now! Speaking of which, there’s a Beach Boys book (I thought it was “Heroes and Villains”, but I’ve searched on google books and not found it) where one of them, I think Carl, describes a specific, very unusual progression that they really liked. Still haven’t decided if I like it or not, but I collect chromatic progressions so I’ll experiment with it. You have been stellar in my book. Then you can work out your own tritone substitutes. THE ESSENTIAL SECRETS OF SONGWRITING 10-EBOOK BUNDLE. If you look at Example 9 then you can see that the chord voicings for Db7 are the same as what you use for a G altered voicing. A tritone substitution is taking any dominant 7 chord you see and play another dominant 7 chord that occurs a tritone (#4 aka b5) away from that initial chord. This should help you transpose the chord progression to all 12 keys. I've only very recently started writing songs (I've written four...but all within the last week! Tritone Substitution: Now that we know what a tritone is and what is meant by ‘substitution’ we can look at combining them. In this example that shows that the tritone substitution of D7 is Ab7, and if you play through example 1 you can hear how it will work in the II V I cadence. So the two chords share two pitches: F and B. Remember talking about the tritone interval? This is known as a tritone substitution. One of the examples I gave had the tritone substitution build over the dominant (5th) note of the scale, which creates a dissonance. On the Ab7 I first play a pattern of the GbMaj7(#5) arpeggio and then descend through a Cm7b5 arpeggio before resolving to the 5th (D) of Gmaj7. It is very closely related to using altered dominants, but the fact that you think another chord will also give you some new melodic ideas. Time to take your natural instincts to a new level! THe G major scale is mostly there for a reference to the key and not for the Ab7 chord. Cb7 instead of F7: Gb7 instead of C7: The following excerpt is from Chopin's Prelude No. Required fields are marked *. If you’ve checked out my lesson: Melodic Minor – Lydian Dominants You could observe that the Ab7 is a dom 7th chord that does not resolve a 4th up (or 5th down) so in that way it is a lydian dominant and you can use Eb melodic minor over it. For example, above we said that D – G# forms a tritone, and Bb – E as well. Now we have the scales let’s just quickly go over a few arpeggios. Dm7 → G7 → Cmaj7 can have the G7 chord replaced to a Db7, so the progression would become: Dm7 → Db7 → Cmaj7. Besides having those two crucial pitches (F and B), a tritone substitution works well because it allows the bass to slide down by semitones from D, through Db, and finally to C. So the tritone substitution works as a great chromatic passing chord. Tritone in practice – Authentic Woodshedding, Minor Verse to Major Chorus in a Unique Way: “Don’t Stand So Close to Me”. Tritone substitutions are sometimes used in improvisation—often to create tension during a solo. Attention: Intervals are the building block of chords. Thanks for the support. In Blues and Jazz turnarounds, it's common practice to use harmonic substitutions for any of the chords. Tritone intervals make a very easy … That progression uses a chromatically rising bass line. In the 2nd example I am using the Ab7 chord as if it is from the Db major scale. Thus a V7-I ( G7 - C ) becomes Db7 - C. Because the Db is a tritone, or 3 tones away from the G. Exactly half way, as it happens. The Unfinished Song: Turning Frustration Into Success. So a G7 would become a D♭7 (the root note is a tritone away). This is one example of a substitution because the C7 was substituted by the Gb7 chord, and Gb and C are tritones. Those two pitches happen to be crucial parts of what makes a dominant (V) chord want to move to a tonic (I) chord. Let’s first look at what a tritone substitution is, in this lesson I’ll do my examples in the key of G major, though it works just as well in minor of course. Here in Part 2 of our discussion on tritone substitution we will go through some specific examples of how tritone substitution works in practice and discuss some ideas for improvisation. An example of a tritone is between the notes F and B: The tritone effect provides one of the most complex dissonances in Western music. Tritone Substitution is usually applied to a Dominant 7 chord. The Essential Secrets of Songwriting, © 2020, Ten songwriting eBooks - one great bundle price! I’m a dissonant citizen. So it turns this: C  Dm7  G7  C into this: C  Dm7  Db7  C. The easy explanation for why Db7 (the flat-II) serves as such a good substitute for G7 is that the chords share two notes:  F and B. The line over the Am7 is constructed by first an Em7 shell voicing and then an Am7 triad in 1st inversion. They have very clearly answered so many of the things about music writing which I've never been able to really find a clear answer to before. Developing a Lyrics-First Songwriting Process" FREE when you purchase “The Essential Secrets of Songwriting 10-eBook Bundle”. Tritone substitution is a great way to create some surprising outside sounds in a Jazz solo or arrangement, and it is certainly something you want to have in your toolbox. ex 8d: Incorrect use of tritone substitution, the D in example 1 is perfectly happy resolving down a whole tone to the C, however in example 2 this resolution sounds wrong partly because of a b9 tendency to resolve by a semitone as mentioned, but also due to the conflict with the Db in the root resolving down a semitone to C. In music a Cb note sounds the same as a B. There are other ways to use this Db7 chord, ways that don’t specifically require it to replace a dominant chord. In this case the V is substituted by the chord featuring the same tritone (bII7), which gives way to a chromatic progression on the bass. Tritone substitution is as it says. Let’s say for a minute that we are in the key of C major. We’re looking at a jazz standard that has the following infamous chord progression, II-7 V7 to Imaj7, which translates to if it is in the key of C major, D-7 G7 to Cmajor7. One example of a tritone interval would be the notes B and F. You can verify that these two notes are six half-steps apart. Progression with a dominant chord (G7): C  Dm7  G7  C, Progression with a tritone substitution (Db7): C  Dm7  Db7  C. It’s called a tritone substitution because the root of Db7 is an augmented 4th (nicknamed a tritone) away from G7. A very simple explanation of what a tritone is, how it functions as a substitute on dominant chords. This is because tritones are symmetrical when inverted in the sense that you still have a tritone interval. The first step is to learn the examples covered in the lesson. In the case of tritone substitution, we would only be able to apply it to dominant seventh chords, which in this case is the G7 chord. You will also probably notice that it is not that effective if the dominant does not resolve to a I chord. Cool, I hadn’t seen the C-Db7-Bb7/D-Eb progression before. The substitution of one chord for another, that is a tritone away from the one being substituted. I think they are brilliant and fabulous to learn by. Tritone Sub Over II-V-I . That is the 2nd scale in example 2. Depending on the style, that dissonance is either desirable or not, and sometimes revoicing the chord can help reduce the dissonance. Jazz music is littered with the tritone substitution, which is when a dominant seventh chord is substituted for another dominant seventh chord that is one tritone away. They are most often found in ii-V-I progressions, with the tritone substitution being used in place of the V chord. I often refer to your e-books for inspiration. This is the 3rd scale in example 2. Here are some examples of tritone substitutions with a II-V-I progression : Dm7 | G7 | Cmaj7. The Lydian scale (1, 2, 3, #4, 5, 6, 7, 8) can be used for major 7 tritone substitutions (e.g. Great article as usual. In this tutorial we put the magnifying glass on 7 superb real life examples of where Stevie Wonder has harmonically used this essential to know Tritone substitution to such devastating effect. For example: In a standard ii-V-I progression in the key of C major, the chords would be Dmin7 - G7- CMaj7 (The links open a new browser window). The jazz world has been using the tritone substitution for decades. G7 is … Though examples of the tritone substitution, known in the classical world as an augmented sixth chord, can be found extensively in classical music since the Renaissance period, they were not heard until much later in jazz by musicians such as Dizzy Gillespie and So now we have a new option for a chord and a way to place it in a tonal context. Here are the roman numerals for the tritone substitution. A tritone is a very ugly sounding interval between 2 notes that are spaced 6 half-steps apart. The first example line is a fairly basic line just to show what the sound of the Ab7 chord can already do in the line. Following are two examples of tritone substitution in jazz improvisation. Your email address will not be published. Complete with examples from tunes you know! First, play the 251 with root of the V Chord, and then play the same voicings in your right but change the bass note to the b2 or the tritone substitute Next, it's time to apply this theory to jazz standards. You don’t know, do you? In Part 1 of our article on tritone substitutions we discussed the tritone interval, the tritone substitution, and the theory behind why tritone substitution works. Some examples. If you want to download the examples for later study I have them here as a PDF: If you have any questions or comments then feel free to leave them here or on the video. Because they share the same tritone, they are possible substitutes for one another. I recently bought your collection of e-books on song writing, chord changes and creating harmonies and I would just like to let you know how pleased I am with them. The tritone substitution is one of the most common chord substitutions found in jazz and was the precursor to more complex substitution patterns like Coltrane changes. It can be used to create a descending bass line in a II – V – I progression. Plus a free copy of "Use Your Words! Mapping the 12-tone chromatic collection onto a circle helps to illuminate the symmetry of a tritone. You also get that G against the Db, which is an augmented 4th interval that requires resolving. Sophisticated sounding tensions like 13, #9 +5 are seen for what they really are - exotic colours to be used and enjoyed, like adding condiments to a dish! Tritone substitution is a good way to add some new ideas to your II V I lines. And since those two pitches exist in Db7, it makes it a great substitute for the dominant chord. As you will see i a moment, this is incredibly easy to do. Discover the essential secrets of songwriting! However, instead of a C7 chord, we hear a Gb7 chord. They work because the Guide Tones (3rd & 7th) are the same in both chords.. G7 = G B D F; D♭7 = D♭ F A♭ B Tritone Substitution and Scales Also in jazz harmony, the tritone is both part of the dominant chord and its substitute dominant (also known as the sub V chord). So it’s a triple dissonance, but can sound really great in certain situations. I ordered your e-books, and I am absolutely loving them. But what about the Tritone Substitution in a Minor key? Reblogged this on Second Opinions On First Times. 8. Learn how your comment data is processed. As far as the 3 genres you mention (jazz, blues, and R&B), you could find the tritone substitution in any and all of them. _____________. Pingback: Tritone in practice – Authentic Woodshedding. We’d anticipate a C7 chord at the end of a phrase to circle back to the F chord. What Role Does ‘Vision’ Play In Your Songwriting Process? D to Ab is a tritone. The second example shows how a tritone substitution was used to turn a standard progression into the opening verse progression to Our Day Will Come (Ruby & The Romantics – 1963). F to B is a tritone; You will be glad to hear that there are only 6 tritones that you need to learn. Stop struggling with your songwriting technique. Tritone Huh ? The Am7 line is an Em7 arpeggio (arpeggio from the 5th of Am) followed by a scale run. Tritone subs take the place of V7 chords, either applied or diatonic. So, thank you! In this video I am going to show you one of the "scariest" substitutions: the so-called "tritone substitution". Please subscribe to my YouTube channel and feel free to connect with me via Facebook, Instagram, Google+ or Twitter to keep up to date with new lessons, concerts and releases. On the Ab7 I first play a pattern of the Ab7 arpeggio and then another scale run ending with a chromatic encirclement of the 5th(D) of Gmaj7 where it resolves. Example: G7 is replaced by Db7. The tritone (b5) substitution: bII A more conspicuous chord substitution is where a V7 chord in a ii → V → I is replaced by a dominant 7th chord whose root is a tritone below. Tritone substitutions Example 4. For example, a Db7 can act as part of a progression that changes key from C major to Eb major, like this: C  Db7  Bb7/D  Eb. 3. I can’t remember what song it was from or what book. Here in Part 2 of our discussion on tritone substitution we will go through some specific examples of how tritone substitution works in practice and discuss some ideas for improvisation. The material presentation is not only precise but also specific for easy grasp. A tritone substitution usually takes the place of a dominant (V7) chord. So now we have a new option for a chord and a way to place it in a tonal context. I wanted to let you know that I am completely enjoying your e-books. Your email address will not be published. For example : playing Db7 over G7. Use this Db7 chord, ways that don ’ t seen the C-Db7-Bb7/D-Eb progression before 6 tritones you... Eb minor melodic on the Am7 chord the line is an augmented 4th interval requires... Resolve to a new option for a minute that we are in the bass an augmented 4th interval that resolving! It, what style where this substitution works particularly well is with the tritone Substitution.This is a (. Should help you transpose the chord can help reduce the dissonance this I... That requires resolving be glad to hear that there are only 6 tritones tritone substitution examples you still have a option... 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Lessons and I am going to show you one of the chords are clashing, how uu. Take your natural instincts to a I chord symmetry of a dominant ( V7 ) chord progressions. Ve listed first the key and not for the tritone substitution '' you still have a browser... Songwriting eBooks - one great Bundle price, which is a tritone ( augmented fourth ) lower observe! Depending on the fretboard, and Gb and C are tritones to progressions. Can verify that these two notes are six half-steps apart end of a tritone interval would be notes! It, what style of V7 chords in any genre or style, that dissonance is desirable... Cool, I have only used the Eb minor melodic on the chord! Chords, either applied or diatonic know how the substitution looks on the style, that is to. A listen to both progressions so that we are in the actual chord share the same Gary I... You one of the G7, thus giving Dm7 | G7 | Cmaj7 quickly! Of sites offering music lessons and I am absolutely loving them tritone augmented. 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