Often used for combat knives. This steel often gets compared to ATS 34 because the two are so similar. This means that it does hold an edge as well, and has also been reported to be less rust resistant than ATS-34. Cold Steel has made popular use of this steel. Sheath: Knife Comes with a fine sheath made from Camel, cow Skin .. Because of this it has good rust resistance. If you have ever watched the TV show Highlander, you have probably heard of Damascus steel. The definition of carbon steel from the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) states: . This type of steel is known for its outstanding toughness. D2 Steel - This steel has high chromium content, just less than what might classify it as stainless steel. This resource should help you understand what types of steel should be used for what purposes, and hopefully that can help you make a more educated decision on what steel to use. Today, pattern welded steel is made to reproduce the look of ancient Damascus steel. Among them, the most common are carbon steels, alloy steels, tool steels, and stainless steels. That results in better edge retention and resistance to corrosion. This steel is not to be confused with standard 420 stainless steel. In general, this grade takes and holds an edge and is tough although it is not as stain-resistant as the 400 grades. However, it can be almost impossible to sharpen. A widely used group of stainless steels. Tougher than D2, but less wear-resistant. This means that one of the best uses for this material is to make diving knives because of their constant contact with saltwater. The major drawback to this type of steel is that it rusts easily. Its carbon content is 1.50-1.60%. CPM M4 Steel - This steel has excellent wear resistance and toughness. An air-hardened "semi-stainless" steel, D2 has a relatively high chromium content (12 percent), which makes it more stain-resistant than other carbon steels. 420HC - A higher carbon version of standard Type 420 martensitic stainless steel. It has vanadium which gives it extra toughness. Carbon generally decreases as numbers in the 10-series decrease, which results in less wear resistance but more toughness. What You Should Know About Metallurgical Coal, An Introduction to Cryogenic Hardening of Metal, Properties and Composition of Type 201 Stainless Steel, Wootz Steel: Making Damascus Steel Blades, www.theknifeconnection.net/blade-steel-types, zknives.com/knives/articles/knifesteelfaq.shtml. 0-1 is an oil hardening (cold work) die steel that can be hardened at relatively low temperatures. This is one of the absolute best edge retention steels. Due to the forging process, each knife will have a unique look. So, this means that 1095 steel would be .95% carbon. It is very hard and holds an edge well. As discussed above, stainless steel knives will have chromium as a main ingredient, typically at a minimum of 12%. Carbon V is a cutlery grade steel that shows reasonable corrosion resistance and good edge retention. The more hard the steel, the longer it will hold its edge (and that means less frequent sharpening), which is great! Some consider this to be one of the best steels available for cutlery. The knife is made from a single piece of 425 high-carbon stainless steel and has a sturdy utilitarian design. This grade of stainless can be tough and strong but loses its edge quickly. However, if you harden the blade, you also make the blade less tough, which means the blade is less resistant to shock and impact (not such a good thing). These added elements account for what is the major difference of most types of steel in blades. Blades made from this material need to be sharpened frequently, and often chip. BMK-425 High Carbon Steel Filipino Balisongs butterfly Brass with buffalo horn Inserts with Mamba knives world class Knives. High-carbon stainless steels, this grade of stainless can be hardened to a greater degree than 420-grade steel, allowing for greater strength and wear resistance. 9Cr13CoMoV Steel - This is 440 steel with extra cobalt mixed in to strengthen the blade. It has lots of vanadium, and also has a carbon content of 2.15%. This type of steel is made by taking two (or more) layers of different types of steel and folding them together. It offers good ductility in its annealed state and excellent corrosion resistance properties when the metal is polished, surface grounded or hardened. It was quickly discovered that there are advantages and disadvantages to each added element. So as you can see, "high carbon" is a relative term. Not being stainless, it will rust if not oiled and protected. This is also a tough material to mirror polish, so it you will almost never see it that way. The low carbon content means that it’s very soft in comparison to most others, and it … In addition, in the SAE system any steel starting with a letter is classified as tool steel. Each of these types of steel has a designation system that gives them a specific number. It has a carbon content of 1.05%. This is a low quality steel, comparable to 420. ATS 55 Steel - This steel does not have the vanadium that is present in both ATS-34 and 154-CM. In contrast, alloy steels have a specified composition and contain certain percentages of vanadium or molybdenum, and they also typically have a larger amount of manganese. 425 Mod, and 440A GENERAL PROPERTIES Types 410, 420, 425 Modified, and 440A (see composition on Page 2) are hardenable, straight-chromium stainless steels which combine superior wear resistance of high carbon alloys with the excellent corrosion resistance of chromium stainless steels. 440A Steel - Has a carbon content range of .65-.75%. Steel is a basic alloy of iron and carbon. Since not all of us have the basic training of a materials scientist, here are a few key differences in steel types that will help you decide what type of blade is best for you. It has good edge retention. The following summary explains some of the most commonly used steel grades grouped as non-stainless and stainless steels. AUS-10 Steel - Has 1.1% carbon. Knife Steel FAQ.URL: zknives.com/knives/articles/knifesteelfaq.shtml. The crucible powder metallurgy process used to produce these steel grades allows for more alloying elements than other grades, which results in greater wear resistance and toughness. However, it has less wear resistance than other tool steels. High Carbon Steel: Commonly known as “carbon tool steel” it typically has a carbon range between 0.61% and 1.50%. If you spend any time in the kitchen or outdoors, you'll understand the value of having a strong knife blade that retains a sharp edge. Sometimes, you will also see 420J. Customer Reviews (4 reviews) 4.2 out of 5 stars Scott Somerville, MA Jul 19, 2020 Pros: Blade Sharpness, Overall Quality, Weight, Sheath/Scabbard Cons: … This material is used often for hunting knives. CPM 3V Steel It has a carbon content of 1.45%. Unlike the 440 grades, however, all three AUS grades have vanadium alloyed to increase wear resistance and edge retention. 52100 Steel - This is high carbon tool steel. 10-series (1095, 1084, 1070, 1060, 1050, and other grades). S60V(CPM T440V) Steel - This stainless steel has high wear resistance. In the Middle East this type of steel had been made for thousands of years, but the knowledge of how to work this metal was lost at some point. One piece 425 high carbon stainless construction. Because of this issue, you will often see 1095 blades with some type of coating to combat rust. It effectively springs steel with added chromium to increase hardenability. It is a very high end stainless steel. Slightly less corrosion resistant than 440A, 440C is more widely used and is better regarded because it takes and holds a sharp edge, that is tougher and more stain-resistant than ATS-34. 440A (and similar grades including 425M, 420HC, and 6A). This grade provides excellent wear resistance and high toughness, but at a cost. AUS-6 Steel - Has .65% carbon. Has about 1.42% carbon. KA-BAR 1119 Wrench Neck Knife 3 inch 425 High Carbon Stainless Steel Blade, One-Piece Construction, Hard Plastic Sheath knifecenter.com. I will give you one example: In the SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) designation system, carbon steel and alloy steel are designated by a four digit number, where the first digit indicates the main element, the second digit indicates the secondary element, and the last two digits indicate the amount of carbon, in hundredths of a percent by weight. Its major problem is that it rusts rather quickly if it isn't maintained. Pushing this content past 2 percent makes the result extremely brittle and of limited use, although this is how cast-iron products (e.g., wood stoves, cookware) are made. Still considered a lower-mid range steel but the more competent manufacturers (e.g. Unfortunately, a blade cannot be both harder, and tougher; as you add toughness, you make the blade less hard and vice versa. This steel was designed to be tough while also being a high wear resistance steel. It does not hold an edge very well so it doesn't usually make a really good blade, but it has been used in diving knives and some custom knives. 440A is used in many production knives because of its edge retention, ease of resharpening, and corrosion resistance. For a more up-to-date guide to knife steel, check out our Ultimate Blade Steel Resource. Address: A.G. Russell Knives, Inc. 2900 S. 26th St. Rogers, AR 72758 It was developed to resist corrosion in the worst possible conditions. Blade Steel Types.URL: www.theknifeconnection.net/blade-steel-typesTalmadge, Joe. On the bright side, all 420 stainless steel is extremely rust resistant. 420 Steel: Common in lower-end knives, this steel has about.38% carbon. It can be almost impossible to sharpen them, but as a trade off ceramic blades are often very brittle. It has vanadium as an additive, consequently is a popular hard steel. For example, a certain alloy might make a blade harder. Cutlery-grade stainless generally contains more than 13 percent chromium, the oxide of which helps to form a passive film that protects against corrosion and staining. It contains manganese, molybdenum, and vanadium to improve hardness, toughness, and edge retention. Damascus steel refers to a process whereby two different steel grades are forge-welded together and acid-etched to create steel with unique and eye-catching patterns. AEBL Steel - This steel is similar to 440 B. ATS 34 Steel - This steel is very similar to 154 CM. This is a high-end, bearing grade stainless alloy made with high carbon content. It is exceptionally tough but harder to sharpen than most stainless steels. This material is really, really hard so it almost never needs to be sharpened. The low carbon content means that this steel is very soft, and doesn't hold an edge well. If greater wear resistance is required other materials may be considered such as air hardening A-2 or 0-2. 1045 holds an okay edge, 1095 steel holds an edge great, and is easy to sharpen. It also has decent toughness for a tool steel. S90V has less chromium and double the vanadium of its counterpart, allowing it to more wear-resistant and tougher. It is also one of those classified in the super category. This type of steel is also very difficult to mirror polish, so you will almost never see it. Knife Steel & Handle Material Selection.URL: www.midwayusa.com/Theknifeconnection.net. BG 42 Steel � This is a relatively new stainless steel that has excellent rust resistance. 5160 Steel - This is plain carbon steel (1060) that has been mixed with a little bit of chromium. This steel is comparable to 440C. It is the most stain resistant steel on the market, and is a hard material. This is a great choice if you are looking for something with lots of wear resistance, but is not a really tough material. It is not very tough, but is especially good material for diving knives. It is also used frequently in saw blades, but any knife made from this material needs consistent maintenance. S30V Steel � This steel was designed to be used for knives. Titanium is popular because it is lightweight and very tough. Damascus steel is considered a precious metal, because it is difficult to make, and can result in very beautiful knife blades. If you buy a knife with this type of blade, be sure to store it well and you should have no problem. Stellite is a special material that has no iron in it. M2 Steel - This steel is extremely heat resistant. It is wear resistant, and it is a hard steel. These are difficult steels to sharpen though, if you do need to give them an edge. Blade Materials – High Carbon Steel Handle Materials – Brass with buffalo horn Inserts Overall Length – 29cm Blade Length -14cm Weight – 210g. Buck) can really bring out the best in this affordable steel using quality heat treatments. Bohler N680 Steel - Has .54% carbon. Sometimes referred to as clock spring steel, or scaleless blue steel, our high carbon pretemp spring steel … Any steel knife with a carbon content of 0.8 percent or higher is considered "high carbon." X15 Steel - Has .40% carbon. Discover surprising insights and little-known facts about politics, literature, science, and the marvels of the natural world. A high carbon version of these type of steels will be listed as 420HC or 440HC. 154CM grade is the benchmark for high-end performance stainless. When properly heat-treated, non-stainless steels make strong, reliable knife blades, although they are more for outdoor use and are not recommended for kitchen or cutlery knives. It holds an edge well and is hard steel. Very similar to the ATS-34 and 154CM grades but with a higher vanadium content, this steel behaves equally as well but with more stain resistance and toughness. This grade of stainless holds a good edge but can be difficult to sharpen because of its high hardness. Many cheap knives tend to be made of this material because of its cost. It reportedly performs very well with properly heat treated. The bottom of the handle features a circular cutout that mimics the look of a real wrench that is for decorative purposes only. 1095 steel, which contains 0.95 percent carbon and 0.4 percent manganese, is reasonably tough, easy to sharpen, affordable, and hones to an edge superior to most stainless steels. Like any other stainless steel, grade 420 can also be hardened through heat treatment. It is supposed to hold an edge slightly better than the 440 steels. FREE SHIPPING option for US Customers. It will often be coated on a knife blade to avoid this issue. Try to stay away from those. Designed as a solid one piece knife made from 425 High Carbon Drop Forged Steel, it will function well and last for many years. Properly heat-treated, O1 and 1095-grade steels are seen as by many equal to any expensive stainless steel grades. Air-hardened tool steel. Due to the forging process, each knife will have a unique look. It has a carbon content of 1.00%. This means that knife blades made with Damascus tend to be expensive and only used for custom blades. Ceramic blades do not rust, so they are popular for use in scuba knives. This is also the type of steel used most often for surgical applications. This type of steel is called Damascus because the first time the Europeans encountered this type of steel was during the crusades, in and around the city of Damascus. A Swedish made stainless, 12C27 is composed of an alloy similar to 440A. However, the high degree of hardness makes this steel difficult to sharpen. This medium-carbon, low-alloy steel grade is tough and hard. It has about .40% carbon. This is one of the most wear resistant tool steels. The grade of steel, as well as how it's made, determines everything from the blade's hardness and durability to its ability to take and hold a sharp edge and its corrosion resistance. Plain carbon steels are steels that contain iron, carbon, and a small amount of manganese. This is one of the best steels to use if you are worried about it holding an edge. Black plastic sheath. Steel in the range 1045-1095 are used for knife blades, although 1050 is more commonly seen in swords. Has about .85% carbon. It has more vanadium and less chromium than 440C so it is slightly tougher, but also a little less rust resistant. It holds an edge really, really well, but it can be brittle on large knives. 0-1 has a machinability rating of 65% to 75% of a 1% carbon tool steel. This type of steel typically has .56-.64% carbon. 24 Hour Order Line 800-255-9034 or 479-631-0130 Fax: 479-631-8493 International: 479-631-0130 . All that is needed to make basic steel is a combination of iron and carbon. It's carbon that makes carbon steel hard enough to use as a knife blade. Blue Blade Steel offers the highest quality high carbon steel AISI/SAE 1045, 1050, 1055, 1060, 1070, 1074, 1075, 1080, 1085, 1090, 1095 and C67S strip coil. 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