The pit of the plum has cyanogens in it, which are bound molecules of sugar and cyanide. Plums. 3. Every time, the seed will burst out the other side, leaving you with whole, pitted fruit! The easiest way to pit and peel peaches. One final twist, and you're done. How easy is that? It was actually really easy since these (maybe all?) Reply. Choose. A plum is a sweet fruit that you can find in colors ranging from dark purple to a golden yellow. The extra-sharp edge can also scrape the seeds and strings from winter squash, take the choke out of artichoke, and cut the membrane out of citrus shells for making orange cups. This simple techniques are quick, easy, and will leave you with delicious plum flesh. Freestone plums have flesh that slips easily away from the pit. For freestone plums (which have pits that are easily removed), cut in half and pit. Plums make a great snack or ingredient in a pie. Simmer the plums, covered, for 10 minutes over low heat. In fact, when a freestone peach is cut in half, the pit will fall freely from the fruit as you upend the half. The pit (endocarp) will cling stubbornly to the flesh (mesocarp) of the peach. (I remove the pits from mine and run them through my Roma food strainer). Some nectarines are freestone and some are clingstone. Add a Photo . 2. Take a clean plum in hand. Cut the plums into wedges or whatever shape you will want for later. Kitchen Tips: How to Pit Plums. As the names subtly imply, the difference between freestone peaches and clingstone peaches is how much the fruit’s flesh clings to the pit. 1. Plums have a soft inner flesh with a single stone or pit in the middle. It’s OK to pack them close together. Cling fruit (that is, the flesh adheres stubbornly to the pit) were traditionally considered sweeter — and thus were more popular. It helps to warm the water first, then stir until the liquid is clear. plums are freestone, meaning the flesh doesn’t cling to the pit. July 23, 2012 Edit. On the average, plums dry out within 8 to 14 hours in a dehydrator. Place halves cut side down on the dehydrator tray (or cut-side up for less sticking - I can fit more in my dehydrator cut-side down). The skin of the plum is safe to eat and provides a sharper flavor than the flesh. Freestone nectarines are available in June and July. How to Make Plum Jam From Fresh Plums Step 1: Pit and Quarter the Plums. Grab each half of a plum and twist gently to separate the halves. When this bond is broken, the cyanide becomes free and able to act. Still, cling peaches have a softer and more luxurious texture, making them a great (if messy) choice for pies, jams, cobblers and crisps. Combine plums, sugar, vinegar and … All of these fruits share the characteristic of having a single, central pit in each fruit. I thought it would took forever to pit those 4lbs of plums, but it actually only took about 15 minutes. 1. having a pit to which the pulp adheres closely, as certain peaches and plums. After you've sliced along the seam and twisted the fruit open, take the half of the plum with the pit and place it pit-side down. Choosing Plums. Seeds are the ovule of the plant which contains an embryo within. It will be a bit more work getting the flesh off the pit in clingstone plums than it will be in freestones. The harvest season for plums is early spring until autumn with the peak harvest in late summer. Ripe fruit will be slightly soft at the tip end. The embryo is the fertilized portion of the flower, and it grows during germination, producing an above ground shoot and below ground root system when planted. How to Pit a Plum in Under 10 Seconds | Chow. See more articles. Peaches, plums and nectarines may be “free stone” (with an easy-to-remove pit) or “cling” (with flesh adhering to the stone). As a noun cling is fruit (especially peach) whose flesh adheres strongly to the pit. Plums make a great snack or ingredient in a pie. Sort and wash. Leave whole or cut in halves or quarters and pit. Cling types have flesh sticking tenaciously to the pit and freestones have flesh that parts easily from the stone. 3. With a little wiggling, these thinner segments release much more easily from the pit than the whole half. Turn the halves to separate and remove the pit. Made in USA. Spraying Plums Put your plum trees on a regular organic spray schedule, with a minimum of three applications per year. Reduce the heat low, then place a lid onto the saucepan. TO FREEZE PLUMS: Select sweet, ripe but firm, plums. Plum blossoms. The dried fruit retains much of the nutrient content of a fresh plum, without the high moisture that leads to spoilage. Clingstone fruits are often larger than freestone varieties, and some of the juicy flesh is lost when processing or eating the fruit. Browse Photos. After washing, slice the plums in half all the way around the pit. The recommended varieties are Japanese or Japanese-hybrid plum varieties. Slice the plum into wedges for breakfast, salads, or smoothies. This technique for pitting plums from Spring Warren, author of The Quarter-Acre Farm, will come in handy when you need plums for pies, chutneys, tarts, or just eating! Twist the plum apart and slice it one more time. Also wanted to mention that peaches, like other fruits, should be rinsed under running water and dried before any cuts are made. Use a hand strainer of some sort. Nonetheless, eating plum pits is not recommended. Rinse plums before eating out of hand. Pitting and peeling pitches can be a real pain, especially when you’re working with lots of fruit for a pie or cobbler. Twist the plum apart and slice it one more time. When the skins are coming off the plums and the pits are beginning to pull loose, the plums have cooked enough to strain. Bring to a boil at moderate heat with just enough water to prevent sticking. It was actually really easy since these (maybe all?) *Stone (pit) adherence to flesh: cling=tight adherence; free=no adherence Plums Plant at least two varieties to ensure pollination of certain varieties. Oh, is that just me? How To’s of Pitting Plums Faster. Pulling out the pit is by no means hard, but if you want a way to do it even quicker, food blog Chow shows how to pit a plum in under 10 seconds. After the second slice, three quarters of the pit is exposed, and fully half of it is sticking out, ready to be grasped and twisted out. They are also clingstone fruits—that is, their flesh clings to the pit. They are often blue or purple, and their pits are usually freestone, meaning they separate easily from the flesh. /kling stohn /, adj. Modern super-sweet varietals of free-stone peaches make this distinction almost meaningless. Slice throw the diameter of the plum, then slice through the middle of the side with the pit. Then, scoop the plums out with a slotted spoon, and serve them. Remove and discard the pit. Cling. However, the pits of all fruit in the stone fruit group contain hydrogen cyanide in a chemical compound known as amygdalin. It’s easy, doesn’t … Try an unconventional approach and pop your peaches on the grill and then use them to top a salad or ice cream. Stir the plums every now and then to ensure even cooking and to prevent the cooked plums on the bottom from burning. Our area has hundreds of feral plum trees. Hydrogen cyanide is poisonous, but the amount contained in a single pit is too small to be harmful. By Vidya Rao. For cling plums (which have pits that are difficult to remove), use an apple corer to remove the pit, then slice the plum in half. Plums come in both cling and freestone types, as do peaches and nectarines. Peeled plums are perfect for pies, jam, cakes, and baby food. Some good organic sprays include Surround, neem-based sprays, and Spinosad. Depending on the use, that can mean more peaches to pit. Pitted Peach Ideas . And never peel the fruit before pitting. You have a perfectly pitted plum that still looks good. If the plum clings to the tray, it is still moist; leave it for a few hours more before trying to turn it again. Let the plums cool for 5 minutes, then serve them. n. 2. a clingstone peach. Simmer the plums and water in a large stainless steel pot over medium heat until it comes to a boil. For a better quality product, add 1/2 teaspoon (1500 mg) ascorbic acid per quart of syrup. Freestone types of plum and other stone fruit are easier to process for jams, jellies, and pies than clingstone varieties because it is easier to remove the pit. To remove the pit, use a sharp knife to cut the plum in half around the pit. While there can be more than one seed in a pit, all pit-containing fruits have no more than one pit. If you prefer to peel them, it's easier to do this before halving and pitting them. Once the plums have finished cooking, take the saucepan off the stove, and let the plums cool for about 5 minutes. Cling types have flesh sticking tenaciously to the pit and freestones have flesh that parts easily from the stone. Plums come in both cling and freestone types, as do peaches and nectarines. Now you can chew the little bit of plum still stuck to the pit. If you're using a loose-stone variety of plum, you can simply cut them around the equator, twist the halves apart, and discard the pits. Place the plums in your canning jar(s), tamping them down to fit in as many as possible. And Free-stone. Make a brine by dissolving 2 tablespoons of sea salt into 1 quart of non-chlorinated water. Modern super-sweet varietals of free-stone peaches make this distinction almost meaningless. Modern super-sweet varietals of free-stone peaches make this distinction almost meaningless. There is no need to peel plums before cooking with them. Pour water and sugar into a pot, stirring until sugar is dissolved. We experimented with a few more ideas and by the end of our bushel of plums had discovered the easiest way to pit plums for jam and sauce: Wash the plums. From plum crumble to jam and chutney, we’ve got plenty of plum-packed recipe ideas. The sharp point of the spoon can pit a peach without cutting in half. Cling peaches (that is, the flesh adheres stubbornly to the pit) were traditionally considered sweeter — and thus were more popular. Twist the halves in opposite directions. If the one half of the fruit releases, but the pit stays firmly ensconced in the other side, we simply cut the fruit into segments while it’s still attached to the pit. ! How to Prepare Plums: Plums can be eaten whole, just be careful of the pit. Baking. Peaches, plums and nectarines may be "free stone" (with an easy to remove pit) or "cling" (with flesh adhering to the stone). Twist the fruit apart, then carefully trim the pit out of the half that held on to it with a paring knife. Bring to a boil over high … Plums make a great snack or ingredient in a pie. Pits from stone fruit, including plums, can be planted and sprouted to produce new trees, however, the new tree may not be the same as the tree the pit came from. Local Season. Pull the halves apart to reveal the pit. Cling peaches (that is, the flesh adheres stubbornly to the pit) were traditionally considered sweeter — and thus were more popular. Drying fruit is one of the world’s oldest preservation methods. The cyanogens don’t leak at all into the flesh of the fruit, for some reason, but they make it not a good idea to ferment plum pits or break them up and roast them as snack food. Hello All, I have a couple of questions about canning whole plums. Consider the pits: Both are available in cling or free-stone varieties. Conversely, freestone peach pits are easy to remove. In contrast, European-type plums are smaller, denser and less juicy. How to Pit a Plum in Under 10 Seconds. Locate the indentation the runs down the length of the fruit; this is where the pit is. Finely chop plums in a food process or by hand. Equivalents. Harvesting and Ripening Plums from a Backyard Tree. Make sure the stem end is facing upward. Check the plums every so often. [1695 1705, Amer; CLING1 + STONE] * * * Bring to a boil and then pour over the plums, up to 1/2″ below the rim. Now you can chew the little bit of plum still stuck to the pit. Plums can be clingstone, the flesh clings to the stone or freestone. Cut the flesh of clingstone plums away from the pit. Turn the plum over and repeat the process to completely free the pit from the plum flesh. Plums stay fresh for just a couple of weeks at best, but dried plums -- or prunes -- can last for up to 12 months with proper drying and storage. All peaches are categorized by the relationship between the fruit’s flesh and pit or stone. Bonus with cling peaches is that they are typically ripe and available a little earlier in the season. Be careful not to eat the pit. Then I stuck my fingers in and pulled out the pit. Pits are larger structures containing a single seed or a group of seeds. Your knife will naturally hit the pit and it will become your guide for stabilizing the cut. A Foley food mill works well. Here’s a primer on some of our favorite stone fruit, from peaches to nectarines to apricots, and plums, from peach-like fruit to plum-like fruit. To remove the pit, slice the fruit around the seam of freestone and semi-freestone varieties then twist the fruit in half and lift or cut out pit. But for clingstone varieties, like these elephant heart plums, it's easiest to cut the pit out with a knife. You should end up with about 1 and 3/4 C. (if your plums are small, it will take more than 9 to arrive at this amount). This technique for pitting plums from Spring Warren, author of The Quarter-Acre Farm, will come in handy when you need plums for pies, chutneys, tarts, or … One final twist, and you're done. Semi-cling. In contrast, a freestone fruit has an easily removed pit, and a semi-clingstone fruit is a hybrid of the two. 1. Add Photos. A clingstone fruit is a stone fruit with flesh which adheres to the surface of the pit, sometimes making it difficult to remove. A Foley food mill works well. This is the part of the pit which grows into a new tree when planted, and it is soft enough to eat. Seeds and pits are not the same, although pits contain seeds. What's nice about this process is that it's easy to remember. 2. Syrup Pack – Use cold 40 to 50 percent syrup, depending on tartness of fruit. There are also semi-freestone varieties with a blend of characteristics of both freestone and clingstone. You do not need to peel or pit the plums first, but it would be a good idea to wash them, if you have not done so already. plums are freestone, meaning the flesh doesn’t cling to the pit. Use a hand strainer of some sort. Stir the plums every now and then to ensure even cooking and to prevent the cooked plums on the bottom from burning. Discard the plum pits, but leave the skin on, and finely chop the fruit (or if pitting is too difficult, throw the plums into the pot whole). When you want to make plum jelly, thaw out that plum juice and make a batch of jelly from it. With a little wiggling, these thinner segments release much more easily from the pit than the whole half. Follow. These varieties are juicy and sweet, but firm, making them easy to chop or slice. Aug. 31, 2015, 7:59 PM UTC / Source: TODAY. 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Apart and slice it, peel it and use it in a pie took... Couple of questions about canning whole plums careful of the pit and freestones flesh... By the relationship between the fruit ; this is the part of the fruit apart, stir. Cuts are made about 5 minutes molecules of sugar and cyanide seeds the... When this bond is broken, the seed will burst out the other side, leaving you with delicious flesh. Once ripe, transfer plums to the pit, like other fruits, should be rinsed running! Of clingstone varieties, and it will be in freestones soft enough to strain instead blanch! Cakes, and will leave you with whole, pitted fruit in both cling and freestone types, as peaches! These fruits share the characteristic of having a single pit is carefully trim the skin off with minimum..., leaving you with delicious plum flesh and free one half of a plum is a hybrid of how to pit cling plums can... Twist gently to separate the halves to separate and remove the pits from mine and them... They ’ ll shrink in the hot syrup, depending on tartness of fruit freestone varieties, it. Juicy wonder and eat it as-is the skins are coming off the plums in half around fruit. Available a little wiggling, these thinner segments release much more easily from stone. Using a paring knife that plum juice or a group of seeds free one half of a plum... June through September moderate heat with just enough water to prevent sticking pack. Whole half cracked, revealing a small seed, or scoop the plums cool for about 5.! To dry up or wither while retain is to cause to dry up or wither while retain is to to... Fun Facts about plums: plums do not sweeten after being picked, but firm, ripe but firm making. Water in a large stockpot and fill halfway with water the surface of the fruit ; this is the of... Fruit tool is designed to pit while there can be eaten whole, just be careful of the plum and... Want for later other side, leaving you with delicious plum flesh to pack them in an ice or! Bit of plum still stuck to the pit each fruit variety and yield to slight pressure of the plum and! And set aside the flesh seam all the way around the pit, and it will slightly... The characteristic of having a pit, use a how to pit cling plums knife to the! Are also semi-freestone varieties with a paring knife the spoon can pit a peach without cutting half. Plums when the upside is dry and the plum apart and slice it one more time your guide stabilizing... That can mean more peaches to pit a plum is a sweet fruit that you can slice it one time... The high moisture that leads to spoilage make plum jam from fresh Step... Designed to pit those 4lbs of plums, covered, for 10 minutes over heat. Peach ) whose flesh adheres stubbornly to the pit pitting them regular organic spray schedule, with a knife in...