Urban combat poses unique challenges to the combat forces. Traditionally, infantry have relied on their own legs for mobility, but mechanised or armoured infantry often uses trucks and armoured vehicles for transport. The needs of the infantryman to maintain fitness and effectiveness must be constantly balanced against being overburdened. Learn more. Mechanised infantry go beyond motorised, having transport vehicles with combat abilities, armoured personnel carriers (APCs), providing at least some options for combat without leaving their vehicles. a military unit of ground forces: He sent three regiments into battle. These infantry units typically are known for their stealth and ability to operate for periods of time within close proximity of the enemy without being detected. Infantry traditionally have been the main force to overrun these units in the past, and in modern combat are used to pursue enemy forces in constricted terrain (urban areas in particular), where faster forces, such as armoured vehicles are incapable of going or would be exposed to ambush. infantry definition: 1. the part of an army that fights on foot: 2. the part of an army that fights on foot: 3…. The infantry is undergoing the last throes of the destruction of its regimental system, having found itself squeezed into 34 conventional regular infantry battalions plus three regular battalions of the Parachute Regiment. Care must be taken to differentiate innocent civilians who often hide and support the enemy from the non-uniformed armed enemy forces. The 21 st Infantry Regiment was originally constituted in May 1861, as the 2nd Battalion, 12th Infantry Regiment and organized in May 1862 at Fort Hamilton, N.Y. Infantry with ranged or pole weapons often carried a sword or dagger for possible hand-to-hand combat. Dragoons were created as mounted infantry, with horses for travel between battles; they were still considered infantry since they dismounted before combat. In medieval times the foot soldiers varied from peasant levies to semi-permanent companies of mercenaries, foremost among them the Swiss, English, Aragonese and German, to men-at-arms who went into battle as well-armoured as knights, the latter of which at times also fought on foot. An infantryman's equipment is of vital concern both for the man and the military. Regiment definition is - a military unit consisting usually of a number of battalions. a branch of an army composed of such soldiers. Additionally, soldiers can be rested and general readiness should improve. It is a highly dangerous and demanding combat service; in World War II, military doctors concluded that even physically unwounded soldiers were psychologically worn out after about 200 days of combat. By the time of Napoleonic warfare, infantry, cavalry, and artillery formed a basic triad of ground forces, though infantry usually remained the most numerous. 3.1, Learn how and when to remove this template message, All-purpose Lightweight Individual Carrying Equipment, Royal Australian Air Force Airfield Defence Guards, Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) defence, "Analysis of Infantry Situation Awareness Training Requirements", "Infantry leaders sharpen training tactics to meet battlefield demands", "The evolution of lethal intergroup violence", "Remaking the Wheel: Evolution of the Chariot", "Military kit through the ages: from the Battle of Hastings to Helmand", "Weight Of War: Soldiers' Heavy Gear Packs On Pain", "U.S. Army Medical Department Center & School Portal", Web Version of U.S. Army Field Manual 3-21.8, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Infantry&oldid=995814627, Articles needing additional references from August 2020, All articles needing additional references, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from October 2017, Articles needing additional references from June 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Historic films and photos showing Infantries in World War I at, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 01:05. Pursuit is a role that the infantry often assumes. The organization of military forces into regular military units is first noted in Egyptian records of the Battle of Kadesh (c. 1274 BC). These take more room and individual freedom to swing and wield, necessitating a more loose organisation. Modern infantry can have GPS, encrypted individual communications equipment, surveillance and night vision equipment, advanced intelligence and other high-tech mission-unique aids. The list of Regiment abbreviations in Infantry. Soldiers armed and trained to fight on foot: The general ordered his infantry to attack. The first military forces in history were infantry. tries. Instead, the Americans … By the start of the Renaissance, the infantry began to return to dominance, with Swiss pikemen and German Landsknechts filling the role of heavy infantry again, using dense formations of pikes to drive off any cavalry. Infantry armour had to compromise between protection and coverage, as a full suit of attack-proof armour would be too heavy to wear in combat. In the modern US Army, about 15% of soldiers are officially Infantry. [citation needed], The physical, mental, and environmental operating demands of the infantryman are high. The antiquity saw everything from the well-trained and motivated citizen armies of Greek and Rome, the tribal host assembled from farmers and hunters with only passing acquaintance with warfare and masses of lightly armed and ill-trained militia put up as a last ditch effort. All of these protective measures add to the weight an infantryman must carry, and may decrease combat efficiency. The goal of an attack remains the same: to advance into an enemy-held objective, most frequently a hill, river crossing, city or other dominant terrain feature, and dislodge the enemy, thereby establishing control of the objective. Infantry make up a large portion of all armed forces in most nations, and typically bear the largest brunt in warfare, as measured by casualties, deprivation, or physical and psychological stress. to organize or control (people) very strictly. Some non-weapon equipment are designed for close combat shock effects, to get and psychological edge before melee, such as battle flags, war drums, brilliant uniforms, fierce body paint or tattoos, and even battle cries. Initially, armour was used to defend both from ranged and close combat; even a fairly light shield could help defend against most slings and javelins, though high-strength bows and crossbows might penetrate common armour at very close range. This is one of the most important roles for the modern infantry, particularly when operating alongside armoured vehicles. Before the adoption of the chariot to create the first mobile fighting forces c. 2000 BC,[12] all armies were pure infantry. Infantry is a military specialization that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and armored forces. Technological developments allowed the raising of large numbers of light infantry units armed with ranged weapons, without the years of training expected for traditional high-skilled archers and slingers. 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment ⁕A number of battalions e.g. The first warriors, adopting hunting weapons or improvised melee weapons,[9] before the existence of any organised military, likely started essentially as loose groups without any organisation or formation. These fulfilled the central battlefield role of earlier heavy infantry, using ranged weapons instead of melee weapons. organisering, disciplinering, [hård] kontroll, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, US Army Iron Rangers Conduct Spur Ride in Bulgaria, Dodik receives EUFOR Commander in BiH, Major General Dorfer, COAS Bajwa lauds Frontier Force's contributions, sacrifices, Maj Gen Salahuddin new BEPZA executive chairman, The 22nd Michigan Infantry and the Road to Chickamauga, US returns looted Balangiga church bells to Philippines after 117 years, Infantry Manportable Anti-armor Weapon System, Infantry Manportable Assault Weapon System, Infantry Small Arms Weapon Effects Simulator. The increased use of firearms and the need for drill to handle them efficiently. Effective defence relies on minimising losses to enemy fire, breaking the enemy's cohesion before their advance is completed, and preventing enemy penetration of defensive positions. soldiers trained, armed, and equipped to fight on foot; a branch of an army composed of these soldiers; an infantry regiment or division… See the full definition Thus most cavalry transitioned to mounted infantry. To maximise their firepower, musketeer infantry were trained to fight in wide lines facing the enemy, creating line infantry. They also perform other tasks, including land warfare, separate from naval operations. Armies have sought to improve and standardise infantry gear to reduce fatigue for extended carrying, increase freedom of movement, accessibility, and compatibility with other carried gear, such as the US All-purpose Lightweight Individual Carrying Equipment (ALICE). But this changed sometime before recorded history; the first ancient empires (2500–1500 BC) are shown to have some soldiers with standardised military equipment, and the training and discipline required for battlefield formations and manoeuvres: regular infantry. Intense discipline and training became paramount. As with grenadiers, the dragoon and cavalry designations can be retained long after their horses, such as in the Royal Dragoon Guards, Royal Lancers, and King's Royal Hussars. Retention of discipline and cohesion throughout the attack is paramount to success. In modern infantry, some APCs have evolved to be infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs), which are transport vehicles with more substantial combat abilities, approaching those of light tanks. To also increase their staying power, multiple rows of heavy infantrymen were added. Patrolling is the most common infantry mission. The 211th conducted Annual Training as part of the 51st Infantry Division at Fort McClellan, Alabama from 6 to 23 June 1957. All of the combat necessities such as ammunition, weapon systems, food, water, clothing, and shelter are carried on the backs of the infantrymen, at least in light role as opposed to mounted/mechanised. The definition of an infantry is a unit of soldiers who move and fight on foot. Under Army Regulation 840-10, each regiment and separate table of organization and equipment (TOE) battalion of the U.S. Army is authorized a coat of arms to be displayed on the organization's flag, called the "colors. Several of these Egyptian "divisions" made up an army, but operated independently, both on the march and tactically, demonstrating sufficient military command and control organisation for basic battlefield manoeuvres. The 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment (505th PIR) is one of four infantry regiments of the 82nd Airborne Division of the United States Army. Heavy infantry, such as Greek hoplites, Macedonian phalangites, and Roman legionaries, specialised in dense, solid formations driving into the main enemy lines, using weight of numbers to achieve a decisive victory, and were usually equipped with heavier weapons and armour to fit their role. The 6th Infantry Regiment was formed 11 January 1812. Modern infantrymen now treat the bayonet as a backup weapon, but may also have handguns or pistols. Modern militaries are struggling to balance the value of personal body protection versus the weight burden and ability to function under such weight. The 13th Infantry Regiment ("First at Vicksburg") is a United States Army infantry regiment whose battalions are currently tasked as basic training battalions. Defence operations are the natural counter to attacks, in which the mission is to hold an objective and defeat enemy forces attempting to dislodge the defender. When combat is expected, infantry typically switch to "packing light", meaning reducing their equipment to weapons, ammo, and bare essentials, and leaving the rest with their transport or baggage train, at camp or rally point, in temporary hidden caches, or even (in emergencies) discarding whatever may slow them down. Beyond their main arms and armour, each infantryman's "military kit" includes combat boots, battledress or combat uniform, camping gear, heavy weather gear, survival gear, secondary weapons and ammunition, weapon service and repair kits, health and hygiene items, mess kit, rations, filled water canteen, and all other consumables each infantryman needs for the expected duration of time operating away from their unit's base, plus any special mission-specific equipment. Early crew-served weapons were siege weapons, like the ballista, trebuchet, and battering ram. In English, use of the term infantry began about the 1570s, describing soldiers who march and fight on foot. They may also deploy anti-personnel mines, booby traps, incendiary or explosive devices defensively before combat. Larger shields can cover more, but are also heavier and less manoeuvrable, making unexpected attacks even more of a problem. Infantry Regiment synonyms, Infantry Regiment pronunciation, Infantry Regiment translation, English dictionary definition of Infantry Regiment. Modern classifications of infantry have expanded to reflect modern equipment and tactics, such as motorised infantry, mechanised or armoured infantry, mountain infantry, marine infantry, and airborne infantry. The ambushed unit does not know what it is up against, or where they are attacking from. [28][29] These heavy loads, combined with long foot patrols of over 40 km (25 mi) a day, in any climate from 43 to −29 °C (109 to −20 °F) in temperature, require the infantryman to be in good physical and mental condition. Maintaining the advantages of heavy infantry meant maintaining formation; this became even more important when two forces with heavy infantry met in battle; the solidity of the formation became the deciding factor. [16] Infantry typically have shared equipment on top of this, like tents or heavy weapons, where the carrying burden is spread across several infantrymen. These APCs can deliver infantrymen through the front lines to the battle and—in the case of infantry fighting vehicles—contribute supporting firepower to engage the enemy. Heavy infantry developed into huge solid block formations, up to a hundred meters wide and a dozen rows deep. To support these lines, smaller infantry formations using dispersed skirmish lines were created, called light infantry, fulfilling the same multiple roles as earlier light infantry. Infantry equipped with special weapons were often named after that weapon, such as grenadiers for their grenades, or fusiliers for their fusils. Define Infantry Regiment. Poor climate conditions adds misery to this already demanding existence. 2. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Such weapons are used when the primary weapon is no longer effective, such it becoming damaged, running out of ammunition, malfunction, or in a change of tactical situation where another weapon is preferred, such as going from ranged to close combat. The 211th Infantry Regiment is the Regional Training Institute of Florida. Infantry units are tasked to protect certain areas like command posts or airbases. The earliest Special Forces commando units were more highly trained infantrymen, with special weapons, equipment, and missions. Beginning with the development the first regular military forces, close-combat regular infantry fought less as unorganised groups of individuals and more in coordinated units, maintaining a defined tactical formation during combat, for increased battlefield effectiveness; such infantry formations and the arms they used developed together, starting with the spear and the shield. This encourages searching for ingenious combinations of effective, rugged, serviceable and adaptable, yet light, compact, and handy infantry equipment. A spear has decent attack abilities with the additional advantage keeping opponents at distance; this advantage can be increased by using longer spears, but this could allow the opponent to side-step the point of the spear and close for hand-to-hand combat where the longer spear is near useless. In all, this can reach 25–45 kg (60–100 lb) for each soldier on the march. Also known as foot soldiers or infantrymen, infantry traditionally relies on moving by foot between combats as well, but may also use mounts, military vehicles, or other transport. tries. Escorting consists of protecting support units from ambush, particularly from hostile infantry forces. The opponents for these first formations, the close-combat infantry of more tribal societies, or any military without regular infantry (so called "barbarians") used arms that focused on the individual – weapons using personal strength and force, such as larger swinging swords, axes, and clubs. [29], Some infantry units are considered Special Forces. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Infantry+Regiment, [1350–1400; Middle English < Middle French < Late Latin. [citation needed]. French cavalry units were called regiments as early as 1558. Surveillance operations are often carried out with the employment of small recon units or sniper teams which gather information about the enemy, reporting on characteristics such as size, activity, location, unit and equipment. The 1st Infantry Regiment is a regiment of the United States Army that draws its lineage from a line of post American Revolutionary War units and is credited with thirty-nine campaign streamers. Coats of arms of U.S. infantry regiments are heraldic emblems associated with infantry regiments in the US Army. Learn more. This made the legions less dependent on the, Keeley, War Before Civilization, 1996, Oxford University Press, pg.45, Fig. [20] Better infantry equipment to support their health, energy, and protect from environmental factors greatly reduces these rates of loss, and increase their level of effective action. [19] Additional specialised equipment may be required, depending on the mission or to the particular terrain or environment, including satchel charges, demolition tools, mines, barbed wire, carried by the infantry or attached specialists. Civilian and military casualties both are usually very high. The 103rd Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment of the United States Army that served in combat in the American Civil War, World War I, and World War II. See more. The introduction of national and mass armies saw an establishment of minimum requirements and the introduction of special troops (first of them the engineers going back to medieval times, but also different kinds of infantry adopted to specific terrain, bicycle, motorcycle, motorised and mechanised troops) culminating with the introduction of highly trained special forces during the first and second World War. Conversely, starting about the mid-19th century, regular cavalry have been forced to spend more of their time dismounted in combat due to the ever-increasing effectiveness of enemy infantry firearms. The 1st Battalion, 1st Infantry is assigned as support to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York and to furnish the enlisted garrison for the academy and the Stewart Army Subpost. Maneouvering consumes much of an infantry unit's time. The regiment has served abroad in World War I, World War II and Afghanistan. As firepower continued to increase, use of infantry lines diminished, until all infantry became light infantry in practice. Similarly, a shield has decent defence abilities, but is literally hit-or-miss; an attack from an unexpected angle can bypass it completely. 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